New York, April 26, 2022 – Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are highly exposed and vulnerable to disasters and climate risks, accounting for two-thirds of the countries with the highest relative annual disaster losses. With a narrow revenue base, SIDS cities face unprecedented and mounting environmental, economic, and social challenges as climate emergencies grow in severity.
Communities are at risk of being displaced by rising sea levels, economies risk becoming more precarious and social development risk being undermined and reversed by severe hydro-metrological disasters coupled with periodic seismic events. This is evidenced by the reported loss of nearly 131% of its GDP in Vanuatu by Cyclone Nigel in 1985, to the loss of almost 3.5 times of GDP in the British Virgin Islands and nearly 200% of GDP in Dominica during the 2017 Hurricanes Irma and Maria in the Caribbean.
COVID-19 pandemic exacerbated the existential crisis faced by SIDS by shrinking the economies and disrupting social networks. For example, in 2019, SIDS attracted approximately 44 million visitors earning USD55bn in revenues but saw a decline of 47% in the first 4 months of 2020, while the Caribbean destinations saw a 67% fall in international arrivals in 2020. This has huge implications considering that nearly 54% of the workforce in the sector globally are women. Lower tax receipts and reduced resources could jeopardise crucial urban infrastructure investments, lead to cuts in public services, and undermine broader sustainable urban development efforts.
Guided by the principle that together we can achieve more, on April 26, within the framework of the High-Level Meeting of the General Assembly on the implementation of the New Urban Agenda, UN-Habitat, together with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), organised the roundtable on building Urban Resilience in Small Island Developing States, and presented the UNDP / UN-Habitat’s upcoming joint initiative ‘Integrated Urban Resilience in SIDS and Coastal Cities’
The roundtable convened high representatives from UN-Habitat, UNDP, UNDRR, OHRLLS, High-level representatives of the Republic of Maldives, the Regional Government of Catalonia (Spain), Mayors of Miami-Dade (US) and Bujumbura (Burundi), local and regional governments associations, Plenipotentiaries from the UN Missions, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the Pacific Island Forum and other cooperation agencies and financial institutions.
H.E. Abdulla Shahid, President of the UN General Assembly, delivered the welcoming remarks with a call to the international community to step up the finance for SIDS. He highlighted the increasing need to address the gaps in unsustainable urban planning, stating that “implementing the New Urban Agenda in SIDS means recognising the different characteristics of urban centres and introducing targeted and context-specific interventions.”
Ms. Maimunah Mohd Sharif, UN-Habitat’s Executive Director, opened the roundtable by highlighting the centrality of advancing action on building urban resilience to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, encouraging the attendees to take bold action now: “The time to translate policy into practice, and commitments into action is now”. She also pointed out that: “Strong risk and resilience analysis is the first step to develop a robust framework needed for the type of evidence-based decision making for city planners and managers to design and implement effective and efficient policies and strategies.”
SIDS are already taking action to address the challenges posed by disasters and climate risks, emphasised Mr. Achim Steiner, UNDP Administrator. He called for an initiative along the lines of ‘Friends of SIDS’ to complement their endeavours for building resilience, as “SIDS need the support of a community of solidarity to co-invest.” Mr. Steiner called for a paradigm shift to review and re-configure theinternational funding instruments and theinternational funding mechanisms -tied to the income level of countries. He added that vulnerability indices could enable the “access of SIDS to funding and resources that help them meet their resilience-building needs.”
H.E. Dr. Ibrahim Zuhuree, the Deputy Permanent Representative of the Republic of Maldives to the United Nations, echoed Ms. Sharif and Mr. Steiners’ call for urgent action and international help. “We lack the financial resources and technical capabilities to fully address the increasing risk of climate change. We rely on our partners to identify innovative solutions for the multiple challenges that we face,” he said.
Following his remarks, Ms. Mami Mizutori, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction, presented the MCR2030 campaign that focuses its support on local governments for building resilient cities. She stated that the proximity of local governments to communities, especially the most vulnerable, makes them relevant to Disaster Risk Reduction. “Local governments know better than most that the same disasters affect people differently, and this is fundamental to a better understanding of risk as better plans and actions to address such risks,” she added.
The intervention from Mr Ronald Jackson, Head of the UNDP’s Disaster Risk Reduction and Recovery for Building Resilience Team (DRT), and Mr. Esteban Leon, Head of UN-Habitat’s City Resilience Global Programme, highlighted the technical knowledge, experience and commitment of both agencies to support SIDS on building resilience. Together, they introduced the UNDP / UN-Habitat’s upcoming joint initiative ‘Integrated Urban Resilience in SIDS and Coastal Cities’ that will focus on advancing collaborative action for building urban resilience with contextualised data. It aims to augment local capacities and technical resources, strengthen urban governance for resilience, risk-informed national and city urban development planning and cross-learning for resilience benchmarking and evaluation of progress.
The roundtable discussion with high-level officials from SIDS and invited guests was preceded by Ms. Emilia Saiz, Secretary-General of UCLG. During the discussion, each representative shared their respective challenges, responses and policies related to resilience-building.
The overarching conclusion of the event is that by working together, we can build a world where all towns, villages and cities are resilient and sustainable – leaving no one and no place behind.
The video recording of the Roundtable on Urban Resilience in SIDS is available on United Nations TV.
More pictures of the event taken by UN-Habitat/Joels Sheakoski LLC are available click here.